This study examines how intellectual and institutional developments transformed the US Navy from 1873 to 1898. This period was a dynamic quarter-century in which Americans witnessed their Navy evolve. Cultures of progress – clusters of ideas, beliefs, values, and practices pertaining to modern warfare, technology, and progressive ideology – guided the Navy’s transformation. They viewed science, technology, and expertise as the best means to effect change in a world contorted by modernizing and globalizing trends. Within the Navy’s progressive movement, two new cultures, Strategy and Mechanism, influenced the course of this transformation. Although they shared progressive pedigrees, each culture embodied a distinctive vision for the Navy’s future.
Scott Mobley earned a PhD in History at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. A former surface warfare officer, Mobley graduated from the US Naval Academy and the Naval Postgraduate School.